Can a woman get pregnant if she has diabetes
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team. You should get information about how diabetes affects pregnancy and how pregnancy affects diabetes. You will also be given details of local support you can have during pregnancy, including emergency contact numbers.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Hi9 - Can i get Pregnant if i have Diabetes? - Dr. T. Neelima Kanth, Obstetrician & Gynecologist
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Is It Safe to Get Pregnant When You Have Diabetes?Content:
- Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
- Diabetes and getting pregnant
- Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and Pregnancy
- I have diabetes. What should I know before I get pregnant?
- Diabetes and Infertility
- We value your feedback
- Diabetes: Should I Get Pregnant?
- Preexisting Diabetes and Planning Pregnancy
- Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes
Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss.
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team. You should get information about how diabetes affects pregnancy and how pregnancy affects diabetes. You will also be given details of local support you can have during pregnancy, including emergency contact numbers. Having diabetes should not affect your fertility your ability to get pregnant.
Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your fertility. There are several steps you can take before getting pregnant that will give you the best possible chance of having a healthy pregnancy. Your HbA1C gives your average blood glucose level for the previous months. The closer it is to your ideal level, the lower the risk of miscarriage, birth defects or stillbirth.
If your levels are too far above the ideal level, your team will encourage you to manage your blood glucose more tightly before you get pregnant. You will have your HbA1C tested every month until you reach the recommended levels. As you will not know immediately when you become pregnant,the best thing to do is to get your glucose levels ready for pregnancy months before you stop taking contraception. It can help to check your blood sugars much more often than usual so that you really understand how your diabetes affects you.
This includes testing your levels before and after meals. Your healthcare team will talk to you about your blood glucose targets and controlling these during pregnancy. If you have diabetes you are at higher risk of having babies with these disorders, so you should take a higher dose of folic acid 5mg per day.
This higher dose can only be prescribed by your doctor because it isn't available over the counter. Because you will not know immediately when you become pregnant, the best thing to do it take folic acid 2 months before you stop taking contraception. Speak to your doctor about your folic acid intake if it is taking longer for you to get pregnant.
Many women have been in this situation and their babies have been healthy. Check with your team that any medication for treating diabetes including insulin and for complications of diabetes, is suitable to take during pregnancy. Metformin is safe, but you need to stop any other glucose-lowering tablets before you get pregnant or as soon as you realise you are pregnant. Some other prescribed medications, such as statins, should also be stopped. These are unsafe in pregnancy. Pregnancy can change how your body uses glucose, so your treatments for diabetes may need to change.
If you have Type 2 diabetes and are on tablets, you may move to insulin injections. Your diabetes team will give you more information. If there are concerns, you may be referred to a specialist team for follow up. Pregnancy puts extra pressure on the blood vessels in these areas, which are already at risk if you have diabetes so your checks will be repeated through pregnancy, usually once every trimester. There are things you can do to improve your general health and prepare your body for pregnancy.
This includes:. However, if you were overweight before pregnancy, healthy changes to your diet and lifestyle will help you to manage your weight in pregnancy. Like everyone, you need to check that you have had your rubella or MMR injection if you have never had rubella. If your GP can't tell you, book a vaccination now. It doesn't make a difference of you have already had it and it will put your mind at ease. Read more about rubella and planning a pregnancy here. If you have Type 1 diabetes, you should be given a blood ketone meter and testing strips.
You can use these to test for ketones if your blood glucose levels are too high or you become unwell. Get medical advice immediately if your ketone readings are high. Metformin is commonly used in the UK for managing diabetes during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If you are planning to make a rapid change to your blood glucose levels before you get pregnant, make sure to get an up to date eye examination and any treatment.
Tight glucose control reduces the risk of eye problems before and during pregnancy. A very rapid improvement in blood glucose control can sometimes make diabetes eye problems retinopathy worse, so talk to your diabetes eye specialist if you have had serious eye problems.
Read more about diabetes and pregnancy here. Are you ready to conceive? Use our tool to find out. Diabetes UK is a UK charity for people living with diabetes. Find out whether it is safe to take your diabetes medication from their website. Amanda, 26, had irregular periods and she knew getting pregnant would be a challenge. She and her husband decided to become healthier when they were planning to have a baby.
They now have a daughter called Shelbie. Hayley, 27, and Sam, 28, a barista from Lincolnshire knew their health conditions would make conception a challenge. Following fertility treatment, they now have a daughter, Amaryllis. This is their story. Claire Gale, 30, and husband Mark, 32, from Bournemouth always wanted a family. Last year and 8 weeks into her pregnancy, Claire miscarried, but she trusted her body to tell her when it was time to try again for a baby.
Lauren, 33, from Essex, and her husband Victor, 33, struggled to conceive and endured a miscarriage and pre-eclampsia before they had their beautiful daughter Cherry. Information on planning a pregnancy with Hepatitus B, HIV, chronic hypertension, congenital heart disease, asthma, cancer, crohn's disease, fibroids and thyroid problems.
Caffeine can affect your fertility as well as the health of your baby when you get pregnant. If you are underweight it may affect your fertility and increases the risk of health problems during pregnancy. Being a healthy weight helps with fertility, pregnancy and the future health of the child.
If you are a smoker and planning to have a baby, the best thing you can do is stop before trying to get pregnant. You can prevent this by making sure you have the MMR vaccination jab , which includes rubella, before you start trying for a baby.
Questions from Dads to be When should I start taking folic acid? What sexual positions are best for getting pregnant? Will irregular periods prevent conception? How long does it take to get pregnant? Ovulation and fertility Timing of sex for pregnancy Understanding your menstrual cycle Stopping contraception Am I pregnant? When should I start planning a pregnancy? Can I trust pregnancy apps? Can the flu jab cause miscarriage? How a second pregnancy can differ from the first How can I reduce irritable back pain?
Is it safe to dye my hair? Sleeping and pregnancy What does a midwife do? Why do I feel cold in pregnancy? Can I fly in pregnancy? Is the whooping cough vaccine safe? I am past 12 weeks. Can I still have the tests? I would like a home birth. Is it safe? Is it too late to take folic acid? Will I have an internal examination? What can I do about stretch marks? Who should come to my antenatal appointments? How will I get time off work for all the appointments?
I've had an abortion in the past. Is this a problem? What exercises should I avoid? At what stage should I stop exercising? When should I stop running in pregnancy Can I start doing yoga now that I am pregnant? I'm overweight. What exercise can I do?
Diabetes and getting pregnant
Several decades ago, diabetes and infertility used to be conditions which only affected people after they had crossed 45 years. Today many young people are falling prey to diabetes. Unfortunately, their condition of diabetes is also affecting their fertility. Diabetes among men is quite common in India as well as in other parts of the world. But on the other hand, diabetic males are susceptible to an array of conditions which could lead to infertility requiring medical assistance.
If you have T1D and are pregnant, or planning to become pregnant, we have some basic information on how to have a safe and healthy pregnancy. Starting a family is an exciting time! Many women choose to work with a team that includes an endocrinologist, primary care doctor, and an OB-GYN, preferably one who has experience with T1D pregnancies. Creating a pregnancy plan is the next step. Most experts recommend maintaining an HbA1c at or below 6 percent before you conceive, and maintaining that range throughout your pregnancy.
Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and Pregnancy
If you have been trying hard to get pregnant for some time — you might have done a cleanse, started a fertility diet and stopped all the harmful habits like smoking, to no avail — it could be time for a simple blood sugar test to tell you what the exact problem is. The studies say that there is a connection — a clear one, at that. Both men and women may have reduced chances of getting pregnant if they are diabetic. Let us take a deeper look at why and how this works. Can diabetes cause infertility in males? The answer is that diabetes could be one of the causes of infertility in men. Diabetic men are frequently found to have a few sexual issues, like retrograde ejaculation and erectile dysfunction. This can result in problems while trying to conceive, and a loss of interest in sex after a few tries. Also, the sperm quality of diabetic men has been found to be lower than that of a normal man. This was found in a study which compared the sperm quality between diabetic men being treated for infertility and normal men being treated for infertility.
I have diabetes. What should I know before I get pregnant?
Being well-prepared for pregnancy can help reduce the risk of complications, keep you healthy throughout your pregnancy, and give your baby a good start in life. Hormonal changes during pregnancy make diabetes even more challenging. The majority of women who properly control their diabetes before and during pregnancy have successful pregnancies, and give birth to beautiful, healthy babies. Women with diabetes have a higher risk of miscarriage and of having a baby with birth defects heart and kidney defects, for example.
Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how. If you have diabetes — either type 1 or type 2 — and you're thinking about having a baby, you might worry about possible risks.
Diabetes and Infertility
Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Diabetic Pregnancy: What to Expect - IU Health
Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge. Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive. This is because there are potential risks to you and your baby if your blood glucose levels are high.
We value your feedback
Top of the page Decision Point. You may want to have a say in this decision, or you may simply want to follow your doctor's recommendation. Either way, this information will help you understand what your choices are so that you can talk to your doctor about them. You can have a healthy pregnancy if your blood sugar is in a target range before you get pregnant and you don't have high blood pressure or problems from diabetes, such as kidney disease. Keeping your blood sugar at a target level lowers your risk of birth defects, miscarriage, and other problems. Diabetes Canada formerly the Canadian Diabetes Association suggests the following for women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who are planning to become pregnant: footnote 1.
It took seven years of failure to conceive my daughter. I use the word "failure" because every woman who has experienced infertility knows that's what it feels like. I have polycystic ovary syndrome, which can cause varying degrees of infertility. In my case, it took finding the right drugs, the right doctors, and two or three office visits per week to ovulate once. Now that good luck egg is a 2-year-old little pixie, and I'm ready for another one.
Diabetes: Should I Get Pregnant?
Log in Sign up. Before you begin Get ready for pregnancy Food, weight and fertility. Community groups.
Preexisting Diabetes and Planning Pregnancy
Staying healthy during pregnancy when you have a chronic medical condition like diabetes? Twice that effort. There is frequent monitoring, visits and check-ins.
COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes.
Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes