Drawing of a girl and boy in the rain with an umbrella
An umbrella or parasol is a folding canopy supported by wooden or metal ribs that is usually mounted on a wooden, metal, or plastic pole. It is designed to protect a person against rain or sunlight. The term umbrella is traditionally used when protecting oneself from rain, with parasol used when protecting oneself from sunlight, though the terms continue to be used interchangeably. Often the difference is the material used for the canopy; some parasols are not waterproof. Umbrella canopies may be made of fabric or flexible plastic. There are also combinations of parasol and umbrella that are called en-tout-cas French for "in any case".SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: a couple with umbrella Sketch drawing - couple umbrella draw - couple drawing - art by ilyas
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How to draw a Boy&girl with umbrella step by step / a rainy day pencil sketch (Riya Drawing Academy)Content:
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Girl With Umbrella Stock Photos and Images
An umbrella or parasol is a folding canopy supported by wooden or metal ribs that is usually mounted on a wooden, metal, or plastic pole. It is designed to protect a person against rain or sunlight. The term umbrella is traditionally used when protecting oneself from rain, with parasol used when protecting oneself from sunlight, though the terms continue to be used interchangeably.
Often the difference is the material used for the canopy; some parasols are not waterproof. Umbrella canopies may be made of fabric or flexible plastic. There are also combinations of parasol and umbrella that are called en-tout-cas French for "in any case". Umbrellas and parasols are primarily hand-held portable devices sized for personal use. The largest hand-portable umbrellas are golf umbrellas. Umbrellas can be divided into two categories: fully collapsible umbrellas, in which the metal pole supporting the canopy retracts, making the umbrella small enough to fit in a handbag, and non-collapsible umbrellas, in which the support pole cannot retract and only the canopy can be collapsed.
Another distinction can be made between manually operated umbrellas and spring-loaded automatic umbrellas, which spring open at the press of a button. Hand-held umbrellas have some type of handle, either a wooden or plastic cylinder or a bent "crook" handle like the handle of a cane.
Umbrellas are available in a range of price and quality points, ranging from inexpensive, modest quality models sold at discount stores to expensive, finely made, designer-labeled models. Larger parasols capable of blocking the sun for several people are often used as fixed or semi-fixed devices, used with patio tables or other outdoor furniture , or as points of shade on a sunny beach.
Parasols are sometimes called sunshades. An umbrella may also be called a brolly UK slang , parapluie nineteenth century, French origin , rainshade , gamp British, informal, dated , or bumbershoot rare, facetious American slang. The word "parasol" originally from French is a combination of para , meaning to stop or to shield, and sol , meaning sun. Hence, a parasol shields from sunlight while a parapluie shields from rain.
The word "umbrella" evolved from the Latin umbella an umbel is a flat-topped rounded flower or umbra , meaning shaded or shadow. The Oxford English Dictionary records this as happening in the 17th century, with the first recorded usage in In Britain, umbrellas were sometimes referred to as "gamps" after the character Mrs. Gamp in the Charles Dickens novel Martin Chuzzlewit as the character was well known for carrying an umbrella, although this usage is now obscure.
The At district of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan was reported to have used an umbrella made from feathers and gold as its pantli , an identifying marker that is the equivalent of a modern flag.
The pantli was carried by the army general. In some instances it is depicted as a flabellum , a fan of palm -leaves or coloured feathers fixed on a long handle, resembling those now carried behind the Pope in processions. The oldest extant example of —apparent collapsible—  parasols appears in the archaeological record around BC, showing Sargon of Akkad. In Persia , the parasol is repeatedly found in the carved work of Persepolis , and Sir John Malcolm has an article on the subject in his "History of Persia.
The Sanskrit epic Mahabharata about 4th century BC relates the following legend: Jamadagni was a skilled bow shooter, and his devoted wife Renuka would always recover each of his arrows immediately. One time however, it took her a whole day to fetch the arrow, and she later blamed the heat of the sun for the delay.
The angry Jamadagni shot an arrow at the sun. The sun begged for mercy and offered Renuka an umbrella. Jean Baptiste Tavernier , in his 17th century book "Voyage to the East", says that on each side of the Mogul 's throne were two umbrellas, and also describes the hall of the King of Ava was decorated with an umbrella.
In Ava it seems to have been part of the king's title, that he was "King of the white elephant, and Lord of the twenty-four umbrellas. Some investigators have supposed that its invention was first created by tying large leaves to bough-like ribs the branching out parts of an umbrella. Others assert that the idea was probably derived from the tent , which remains in an unaltered form to the present day.
However, the tradition existing in China is that it originated in standards and banners waving in the air, hence the use of the umbrella was often linked to high-ranking though not necessarily royalty in China.
On at least one occasion, twenty-four umbrellas were carried before the Emperor when he went out hunting. The umbrella served in this case as a defense against rain rather than sun.
The Chinese and Japanese traditional parasol, often used near temples, remains similar to the original ancient Chinese design. The ancient book of Chinese ceremonies, called Zhou Li The Rites of Zhou , dating some 2, years ago, directs that a dais should be placed upon the imperial cars. The figure of this dais contained in Zhou-Li , and the description of it given in the explanatory commentary of Lin-hi-ye, both identify it with an umbrella.
The Book of Han contains a reference to a collapsible umbrella, mentioning its usage in the year 21 AD when Wang Mang r. Zhou dynasty bronze castings of complex bronze socketed hinges with locking slides and bolts—which could have been used for parasols and umbrellas—were found in an archeological site of Luoyang , dated to the 6th century BC.
According to his account, the use of the umbrella was granted to only some of the subjects by the king. An umbrella with several circles, as if two or three umbrellas were fastened on the same stick, was permitted to the king alone; the nobles carried a single umbrella with painted cloths hanging from it.
The Talapoins who seem to have been a sort of Siamese monks had umbrellas made of a palm-leaf cut and folded, so that the stem formed a handle. In the King of Burma directed a letter to the Marquis of Dalhousie in which he styles himself "His great, glorious, and most excellent Majesty, who reigns over the kingdoms of Thunaparanta, Tampadipa, and all the great umbrella-wearing chiefs of the Eastern countries".
Parasols are first attested on pottery shards from the late Mycenaean period c. The earliest archaeological evidence for a collapsible umbrella was unearthed in Samos in a context from about BC and follows closely the shape of a slightly older Phrygian specimen excavated at Gordion. The sliding mechanism of the two pieces is remarkably similar to those in use today.
In Classical Greece , the parasol skiadeion , was an indispensable adjunct to a lady of fashion in the late 5th century BC. Cultural changes among the Aristoi of Greece eventually led to a brief period — between and BC — where men used parasols. The parasol, at that time of its fashion, displayed the luxury of the user's lifestyle. It also had religious significance. In the Scirophoria , the feast of Athene Sciras, a white parasol was borne by the priestesses of the goddess from the Acropolis to the Phalerus.
In the feasts of Dionysos , the umbrella was used, and in an old bas-relief, the same god is represented as descending ad inferos with a small umbrella in his hand. From Greece it is probable that the use of the parasol passed to Rome, where it seems to have been usually used by women, while it was the custom even for effeminate men to defend themselves from the heat by means of the Umbraculum , formed of skin or leather, and capable of being lowered at will.
There are frequent references to the umbrella in the Roman Classics, and it appears that it was, not unlikely, a post of honour among maid-servants to bear it over their mistresses. Allusions to it are tolerably frequent in the poets. Ovid Fast. From such mentions the umbrella seems to have been employed as a defence from sun, but references to its use as a protection against rain, while rare, also exist Juvenal , ix. According to Gorius, the umbrella came to Rome from the Etruscans who came to Rome for protection, and certainly it appears not infrequently on Etruscan vases and pottery, as also on later gems and rubies.
One gem, figured by Pacudius, shows an umbrella with a bent handle, sloping backwards. Strabo describes a sort of screen or umbrella worn by Spanish women, but this is not like a modern umbrella. The extreme paucity of allusions to umbrellas throughout the Middle Ages shows that they were not in common use.
In an old romance, "The Blonde of Oxford", a jester makes fun of a nobleman for being out in the rain without his cloak. It appears that people depended on cloaks, not umbrellas, for protection against storms. One of the earliest depictions is in a painting by Girolamo dai Libri from titled Madonna dell Ombrello Madonna of the Umbrella in which the Virgin Mary is sheltered by a cherub carrying a large, red umbrella.
The use of the parasol and umbrella in France and England was adopted, probably from China, about the middle of the seventeenth century. In Thomas Coryat 's Crudities , published in , about a century and a half prior to the general introduction of the umbrella into England,  is a reference to a custom of riders in Italy using umbrellas:. And many of them doe carry other fine things of a far greater price, that will cost at the least a duckat, which they commonly call in the Italian tongue umbrellas, that is, things which minister shadowve to them for shelter against the scorching heate of the sunne.
They are used especially by horsemen, who carry them in their hands when they ride, fastening the end of the handle upon one of their thighs, and they impart so large a shadow unto them, that it keepeth the heate of the sunne from the upper parts of their bodies. Also a bonegrace for a woman. Also the husk or cod of any seede or corne. An umbrello; a fashion of round and broad fanne, wherewith the Indians and from them our great ones preserve themselves from the heat of a scorching sunne; and hence any little shadow, fanne, or thing, wherewith women hide their faces from the sunne.
In Fynes Moryson 's Itinerary is a similar allusion to the habit of carrying umbrellas in hot countries "to auoide the beames of the Sunne". Their employment, says the author, is dangerous, "because they gather the heate into a pyramidall point, and thence cast it down perpendicularly upon the head, except they know how to carry them for auoyding that danger". During Streynsham Master 's visit to the East India Company 's factory in Masulipatnam he noted that only the governor of the town and the next three officials in seniority were allowed to have "a roundell [i.
In France, the umbrella parapluie began to appear in the s, when the fabric of parasols carried for protection against the sun was coated with wax. The inventory of the French royal court in mentioned "eleven parasols of taffeta in different colours" as well as "three parasols of waxed toile , decorated around the edges with lace of gold and silver". Kersey's Dictionary describes an umbrella as a "screen commonly used by women to keep off rain".
It could be opened and closed in the same way as modern umbrellas, and weighed less than one kilogram. Marius received from the King the exclusive right to produce folding umbrellas for five years.
A model was purchased by the Princess Palatine in , and she enthused about it to her aristocratic friends, making it an essential fashion item for Parisiennes. In , a French scientist named Navarre presented a new design to the French Academy of Sciences for an umbrella combined with a cane. Pressing a small button on the side of the cane opened the umbrella. Those who do not want to be mistaken for vulgar people much prefer to take the risk of being soaked, rather than to be regarded as someone who goes on foot; an umbrella is a sure sign of someone who doesn't have his own carriage.
In , the Maison Antoine, a store at the Magasin d'Italie on rue Saint-Denis, was the first to offer umbrellas for rent to those caught in downpours, and it became a common practice. The Lieutenant General of Police of Paris issued regulations for the rental umbrellas; they were made of oiled green silk, and carried a number so they could be found and reclaimed if someone walked off with one.
By there were seven shops making and selling umbrellas in Paris; one shop, Sagnier on rue des Vielles-Haudriettes, received the first patent given for an invention in France for a new model of umbrella. By there were 42 shops; by there were three hundred seventy-seven small shops making umbrellas in Paris, employing workers. Another was Revel , based in Lyon. By the end of the century, however, cheaper manufacturers in the Auvergne replaced Paris as the centre of umbrella manufacturing, and the town of Aurillac became the umbrella capital of France.
The town still produces about half the umbrellas made in France; the umbrella factories there employ about one hundred workers. In Daniel Defoe 's Robinson Crusoe , Crusoe constructs his own umbrella in imitation of those that he had seen used in Brazil. Captain James Cook , in one of his voyages in the late 18th century, reported seeing some of the natives of the South Pacific Islands with umbrellas made of palm leaves.
In the highlands of Mindanao in the Philippines , the large fronds of Dipteris conjugata are used as an umbrella. The use of the umbrella or parasol though not unknown was uncommon in England during the earlier half of the eighteenth century, as is evident from the comment made by General then Lieut.
About the same time, umbrellas came into general use as people found their value, and got over the shyness natural to its introduction. Jonas Hanway , the founder of the Magdalen Hospital, has the credit of being the first man who ventured to dare public reproach and ridicule by carrying one habitually in London.
Girl In Rain Sketch
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Boy and girl with umbrella under the rain.
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92 Holding An Umbrella Drawing stock illustrations and clipart
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