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When a girl has her period what does it mean

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People especially girls talk a lot about periods. But what exactly is a period and what makes it happen? A period is the 2 to 7 days that a girl or woman experiences menstrual flow — blood and tissue that leaves the body through the vagina. For most girls, it amounts to about 2 tablespoons 30 milliliters. To catch the blood and prevent stains on her clothes, a girl can wear a pad, which sticks to her underwear, or a tampon, which is inserted into the vagina.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: At What Age Does Menstruation Stop?

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Period pain - What’s the BEST WAY to stop it? - Dr. Claudia

Growing Up

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Some girls greet those first drops of blood with joy or relief, while others feel bewildered and scared. So, how do you discuss menstruation and offer education, as well as guidance and support, before the big day arrives? Or, what do you tell your son? Boys have questions, too. In the early s, girls generally reached menarche the medical term for the first period or the beginning of menstruation at age 14 or For a variety of reasons, including better nutrition, girls now usually start to menstruate between the ages of 10 and During the menstrual cycle, hormones are released from different parts of the body to help control and prepare the body for pregnancy.

That preparation begins when the ovaries two oval-shaped organs that lie to the upper right and left of the uterus, or womb produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones trigger certain changes in the endometrium the lining of the uterus. Then, other hormones from the pituitary gland stimulate the maturing and release of the egg, or ovum, from the ovary. The release of the egg is called ovulation, and it occurs in the middle of the cycle — usually day 14 of a day cycle, for example.

From the ovary, the egg moves into one of the fallopian tubes the two tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus. If the egg is fertilized by sperm, the fertilized egg will take about 2 to 4 days to travel down the fallopian tube. It will then attach to the thick, blood-rich lining of the uterus. A menstrual cycle lasts from the first day of one period to the first day of the next. The typical cycle of an adult female is 28 days, although some are as short as 22 days and others are as long as Periods usually last about 5 days, although that can vary, too.

During a period, a woman passes about tablespoons milliliters of menstrual fluid. For the first few years after menstruation begins, cycles are often irregular. They may be shorter 3 weeks or longer 6 weeks , or a young woman may have only three or four periods a year. The absence of periods is called amenorrhea. So, how will you know when your daughter might start menstruating? Breast development is usually the first sign that a girl has entered puberty.

About a year after breast development begins, most girls enter into a phase of rapid growth. Then, about a year after the growth spurt begins and about 2 and a half years after breast development starts, the first period arrives. Instead, try to spread it out into lots of smaller conversations — education about how the human body works should be continuous.

Otherwise, too much importance is placed on a single discussion and the information can be overwhelming. Even toddlers begin asking questions about their bodies, and parents should answer them honestly. Doing so not only gives kids the information they need when they ask for it, but also lets them know that their parents are available for and comfortable with these discussions. Kids really want to learn about most things from their parents. Instead, mothers can explain that monthly periods are a natural and wonderful part of being a woman.

Explaining that everyone is different is also key. In addition to understanding how menstruation works, girls need to be familiar with feminine-hygiene supplies sanitary pads and tampons and they should know that sometimes periods may cause cramps when the muscles of the uterus contract.

Another reason kids need to know about menstruation at an early age is that sexually active girls can get pregnant even before they start menstruating. Sometimes ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary can happen just before a girl is about to have her first period. Although the first few times using a tampon can be frustrating, explain to your daughter that it will soon be easy with a little practice. Because the muscles of the vagina can become tense when a girl is nervous, it can be difficult to insert a tampon at first.

It can also help to first try a tampon on a day with heavier flow, so that it is easier to put in. Do girls have to stop playing sports or swimming while they have their periods? For example, girls may choose to wear a tampon so they can continue to swim while menstruating. TSS is a rare but serious bacterial infection that can be associated with tampon use. A reasonable precaution is to change tampons every 4 hours or more frequently if the blood flow is heavy.

Do girls always have cramps with their periods? Concern about cramps is a big issue for some girls. While most girls eventually have some cramps, many do not for the first year or two of getting their periods. Sometimes, a hot water bottle or a hot bath can help ease discomfort. Some find that deep breathing and exercising help, too. If cramps become too uncomfortable, your daughter might want to take an over-the-counter OTC medicine like ibuprofen such as Advil or Motrin. Premenstrual syndrome PMS includes physical and emotional changes mood swings and irritability, tension, bloating, and breast tenderness that can occur during the time right before some girls get their periods.

While not all girls experience PMS, for those who do, plenty of rest, exercise, and eating a balanced diet may help.

Do girls need to douche or use deodorant spray when they have their periods? Tips for Talking Just as parents might be slightly embarrassed to talk with their children about menstruation, kids and teens may find it difficult to let mom and dad know their questions or concerns. If talking about menstruation is awkward for you, here are some ways to make discussions a little easier and more open:.

Note: All information on KidsHealth is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. All rights reserved. Find a Doctor. About Us. Community Programs. California Kids Care. International Services. Video Visits: Telemedicine. Safe Sleep Practices. Pay Your Bill. Financial Assistance. Medical Records. About Us Who We Are. Patient Stories. Get Involved. Health Alerts: Coronavirus.

Health Library. Flu Information. Nutrition Videos. Injury Prevention. Locations Main Campus. Satellite Locations. Emergency Care. Urgent Care. Growing Up. About Menstruation In the early s, girls generally reached menarche the medical term for the first period or the beginning of menstruation at age 14 or Common Questions About Periods Kids — both girls and boys — often have lots of questions about menstruation, such as: How come only girls have periods?

Explain that boys change in different ways during puberty, like the deepening of their voices and the growth of facial hair. Getting her period means a girl can have a baby. Periods happen because of changes in the uterus — a body part that girls have but boys do not. Do girls have their periods for the rest of their lives? No, a woman stops having her period usually between the ages of 45 and 51, which means she will no longer be able to become pregnant at least, not without the help of some fancy reproductive technology!

How long does a period last and how much blood is there? It varies for each girl, but some have their period for 3 days and others have it for a week. Periods can be light, moderate, or heavy, and there can be a total of tablespoons milliliters of blood. And this can vary from period to period in the same girl. Are pads or tampons better? A tampon can be uncomfortable in the years right after menstruation starts, when the pelvis and vagina are still growing.

Their friends may have started using them, and the freedom tampons can give may be appealing. Each box of tampons includes instructions, so be sure to read them with your daughter. If talking about menstruation is awkward for you, here are some ways to make discussions a little easier and more open: Look for good books and videos or DVDs that can help foster a more comfortable and educational conversation. Speak to your family doctor about ways to talk about menstruation and puberty.

Brush up on the facts of menstruation and have information readily available for your child to look at or read. Coordinate your conversations with the health lessons and sex education your child receives in school. To break the ice, try asking your child some questions that will help you both ease into discussions.

What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?

Learn more. Menstruation a period is a major stage of puberty in girls. It's one of the many physical signs that a girl is turning into a woman. Menstruation can be confusing, just like a lot of the other changes that come with puberty. Some girls can't wait to start their periods.

Every month, in the years between puberty typically age 11 to 14 and menopause typically about age 51 , your body readies itself for pregnancy. The lining of your uterus thickens and an egg grows and is released from one of your ovaries.

Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. You may want to look at their policies. Period questions come into every girls mind! Puberty can be pretty crazy — you shouldn't have to worry about your first period on top of it all. This tissue comes from the uterus, which is where a baby fetus can develop in the female body.

All About Periods

It signals the beginning of a long phase of life around 40 years! This means that if you have sexual contact, you might get pregnant. While you may have learned about menstruation in school, you probably have questions about what to expect. This section is designed to provide you with all the information you need as you approach getting your period for the first time. When should I expect my first period? What do I need to do to prepare for my first period? How do I use a pad?

All About Menstruation

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Your child will go through lots of changes in puberty. One of the most significant milestones is her first period.

Most women bleed every month. This you know. Knowing what to do when your girlfriend is on her period can feel like a shot in the dark. Our vaginas are bleeding and our emotions are on a roller coaster.

My Girlfriend Just Got Her Period. Now What?

A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have.

Some girls greet those first drops of blood with joy or relief, while others feel bewildered and scared. So, how do you discuss menstruation and offer education, as well as guidance and support, before the big day arrives? Or, what do you tell your son? Boys have questions, too. In the early s, girls generally reached menarche the medical term for the first period or the beginning of menstruation at age 14 or

Normal Menstrual Cycle

If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. A period, or menstruation, is the shedding of the lining of the womb. Menstruation is also known as menses. Menses are part of normal sexual health for women during their reproductive years. Menstruation that includes bleeding from the vagina is found mainly among humans and similar animals, such as primates. Women have a period approximately every 28 days; however, there is some variation in this cycle, ranging from a day to a day cycle.

Mar 16, - Day 1 starts with the first day of your period. The blood How long is a typical menstrual cycle? When does a girl usually get her first period?

Michael Richards does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Menstruation is associated with smells, mess, blood, gore, impurity and disgust. Which is probably why many women say they feel uncomfortable talking about their periods. This is in part why a recent report has called for boys, as well as girls, to learn about periods and the menstrual cycle at school. Plan International UK , the charity behind the report, suggests there is a need to talk more about the issue as many girls feel embarrassed — with the menstrual cycle tarnished with stigma and taboo.

Why Do Women Have Periods?

The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new lining endometrium to get ready for a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus sheds its lining.

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